[Free Reading] What Was the Titanic?Author Stephanie Sabol – Collateralloan.co

What Was the Titanic April ,The grandest luxury ship ever, the Titanic, was crossing the Atlantic Ocean It was on its maiden, or first, voyage The ship had left England four days earlier It was making great time In just a few days, the Titanic was scheduled to arrive in New York City Aboard ship, the evening of Aprilseemed just like any other First class passengers enjoyed a feast with ten courses, including oysters and filet mignon The Titanics captain, Edward John Smith, joined a dinner party in first class It was hosted by a wealthy couple from Philadelphia After dinner, some first class passengers played cards or listened to the orchestra In second class, a minister sang hymns with about one hundred people Down in third class, passengers danced together in their lounge, known as the general room But after a long day at sea, many aboard the Titanic were already in bed Captain Smith checked in with his officers at the bridge around pm The bridge was the command center of the ship Smith told his officers to let him know if any problem arose Then he went to his cabin Outside, the night was very cold There was no moon, but the sky was clear Thousands of stars shone brightly The sea was so calm it looked like a mirror No waves rippled in the distance Up in the crows nest, two lookouts kept watch, ready to spot danger In this part of the Atlantic, ice was a concern Ships had to be very careful to avoid hitting an iceberg The two lookouts chatted and tried to keep warm Then suddenly, at pm almost out of nowhere, a large black shape came into view Could it be Yes, it was an iceberg The iceberg was almost directly ahead of the ship It looked like the ship might run straight into it The lookouts rang the warning bell three timesthe signal for an emergency They telephoned the bridge where the officers were stationed Iceberg, right ahead they shouted The officers only had thirty seven seconds to respond First Officer William Murdoch contacted the engine room and ordered the ships engines stopped and put into reverse Would the Titanic avoid the iceberg Or was it too late ChapterThe Age of Steam Until the mid s, ships had sails and relied on the power of the wind to move Because winds are unpredictable, it wasnt possible to know exactly how long a trip would take A ship might cross the Atlantic Ocean in either a few weeks or a few months By the early s, steam engines began to power ships instead of sails These steamships could cross the Atlantic in only two to four weeks Eventually,powerful engines were built A steamship with a powerful engine could cross the ocean in just ten to fourteen days Steamships grew in size over the years They became known as ocean liners because they traveled the same route, or line, regularly These lines were like invisible roads across the ocean For rich passengers, crossing the Atlantic on an ocean liner was like being on a vacation They enjoyed fine meals and luxurious cabins For poor immigrants in the tight quarters of third class, the voyage offered the chance to leave their home countries and start new lives in the United States Millions of immigrants came to America from Europe during the late s and early s on enormous steamships At the end of the nineteenth century, two British shipping companiesthe White Star Line and the Cunard Linewere in fierce competition with each other In , Cunard completed two ocean liners that could cross the Atlantic in only five days How could the White Star Line show up Cunard They couldnt make a faster ship That wasnt possible But could they make a bigger oneForthanyears, people have been captivated by the disastrous sinking of the Titanic that claimed over , lives Now young readers can find out why the great ship went down and how it was discovered seventy five years laterAt am on April the Royal Mail Steamer Titanic, the largest passenger steamship of this time, met its catastrophic end after crashing into an iceberg Of the , passengers and crew onboard, onlysurvived More thanyears later, today s readers will be intrigued by the mystery that surrounds this ship that was originally labeled unsinkable